Established in 1397 AH, the Kiswa factory consists of many divisions specialising in dyeing, weaving, embroidery, and assembly. There are various phases involved in the making of kiswa – the cloth that covers the Holy Kaaba – starting with the testing of the quality of the silk in a lab prior to the dyeing process. This establishment is one of the prominent landmarks of Makkah and provides housing for around 200 craftsmen.